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City Humanities History


Qingdao is a famous national historic and cultural city in China. Originating from the Yellow River and Mount Taishan, Qingdao’s culture shows distinct traditional Chinese characteristics represented by Confucius. While facing the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao was also greatly influenced by various ideas from the west. In the historical integration of Chinese and western culture, Qingdao has developed its unique urban cultural characteristics featuring a mixture of various cultures with ocean culture at the core.

Human settlement in Qingdao dates back to the Neolithic Age, which was as early as seven thousand years ago. The existing Langyatai and the Qi Great Wall were built in the 5th century BC and are the oldest observatory and Great Wall in China. In addition, Qingdao is one of the cradles of Taoism. Poet Li Bai of Tang Dynasty, litterateur Su Shi of Song Dynasty, and litterateur Pu Songling of Qing Dynasty all visited or once lived in this city.

Since modern times, the favorable location and rich resources of Qingdao have become more and more attractive to the world. In the late 19th century, Mr. Richthofen, the German geologist suggested Qingdao as “the gateway of the entire Chinese market”. In 1897, the city was occupied by Germany. In 1919, the claim of returning Qingdao to China touched off the May Fourth Movement, which was a watershed moment dividing modern and contemporary China. In the early 20th century, Qingdao was the first city in China that had automobile, bicycle, road and modern urban sewerage system, making it one of the cities received greatest and most systematic influence of western culture in modern China. In this case, the city developed rapidly into a well-known commercial port city in the Far East and fostered a distinctive urban culture integrates eastern and western cultures.

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